The Primary issue of aid donation to nations in need
by Annie Scherba, Maya Miltell, and Arslan Tarar –
The UN Development Programme (UNDP) will finalize their resolutions on the topic of the transparency in aid today. Delegates arrived at the solution of improving communications to avoid corruption.
Transparency in aid is a term used to describe the accessibility of information about the aid provided to countries by donor nations. “The five principles of aid is ownership, alignment, harmonization, managing for results, and mutual accountability,” said the guest speaker on Friday, Yuko Suzuki, policy advisor in the effective development cooperation at UNDP.
Argentina proposed the idea of improving the transparency in aid by introducing a more creative way in which to use the aid. This includes providing aid in the form of service such as medical care and education instead of money in order to stop corruption. The delegates also suggested the idea of improving contact with donor nations and nations provided with aid to make the process more efficient and to allocate the necessity of aid accordingly.
The delegation of Argentina wishes to put together a group of people who will communicate how the provided aid will be used. This communication will educate donor nations to give aid for appropriate purposes.
A second working paper presented to the committee brought to attention the idea of transparency and tracking of the aid. The UN uses a program to log data, but the delegates thought it necessary to improve the way in which this logging is done since the data can often be corrupted.
The chairman Anthony Aslou said that “there is not much disagreement but more discussion [in the committee]. The only slight disagreement is the way of getting an efficient solution for all nations.” The delegations have agreed on the targeted goal – to decrease corruption in aid and increase transparency – but the most effective way to reach this has not been settled.
A final proposition was that countries involved help other countries with building their infrastructure, which involves building water and electrical systems in poor countries. Solving the basic problems allows a society to elevate to a newer level it thought was previously unattainable. Aid should be given with no need for compensation. It should not be aid given from country to country but aid given from human beings to human beings.
Photography by Maya Miltell.
by Yada Pruksachatkun –
At the United Nations Women, delegates representing countries from Austria to Nigeria were hard at work on the topic of the empowerment of rural women. Some of the many solutions include finding ways nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) are able to play a role in the spread of women’s education and job opportunities, emphasizing the importance of education at an early age, and including sex and political science in women’s curriculum.
Education proved to be the central focus of the debate, with many countries taking different focuses. While Ireland, Japan, and the Solomon Islands believed that there should be sex and political science education, others agreed that there needed to be more accessibility in education through mobile units and info graphics for the illiterate.
Many of the African and Middle Eastern countries agreed on focusing on sanitation and security for women in order to promote education. During moderated Caucus, Nigeria brought up points on building formal bathrooms, as girls are most likely to get sexually assaulted during restroom breaks. Many countries also had cultural barriers against gender equality, such as Saudi Arabia. Even though the delegate of Saudi Arabia said that Saudi Arabia was liberal in women’s rights, women having a part of almost every sector of industry and constituting 30% of bank accounts in the country, advances in women’s rights should be “in accordance to what we feel.” The Dominican Republic also added that men come “with a certain mindset,” and that raising awareness on women’s rights will be the way forward in eradicating this mindset.
Delegates from countries such as Malawi and Algeria focused on job opportunities for women instead. While the delegate of Malawi proposed monitoring a business decorum and skills program for women and compiling a list of internships to offer at the completion of the program, the delegate of Algeria looked to NGOs in creating job opportunities for women. The delegate of the Maldives also developed an interesting focus on women in the agriculture sector through providing vocational training for entering the crop market and subsidies.
And yet even other countries believe that equal pay is most important. As the delegates of the Dominican Republic said, even though women have as much or more education than men in their country, they still “get paid less than men.” This inequality of pay discourages women in pursuing education.
However, the lines between the different blocs were blurred, as delegates merged and combined resolutions. When interviewing Nigeria, the delegate said that 50% of all women are illiterate, and therefore, access to education must increase. Delegates generally agreed that providing government and business positions to women, as well as increasing education, was important. As the delegate of Malawi said, the main purpose of the committee is to empower women, which may or may not lie in education.
In the course of one session, delegates have successfully bridged the gap between differences in points of view to come together and progress in the issue. In the next few sessions, the resolutions being drafted and finalized will be presented and debated on, and the different faces of the UN Women Committee, will come to full view.
Photograph by Inderjit Kaur.
by Dara Gleeson –
The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) discussed child immunization and had the opportunity to hear Dr. Paul Wilson, a scientist and immunization specialist speak about his occupation.
Dr. Wilson spoke to UNICEF about the issues of the child vaccinations, such as safety, culture, and funding. He included his opinions about the Bill Gates Foundation, and he commented that he was surprised by Gates’ motives to provide funds to children around the world for healthcare needs. The delegates representing Djibouti and Belgium, spoke about how they found it influential and beneficial to their committee. Dr. Wilson contributed and did research for the website Gavi.com, which many of the delegates used for research. Many of the delegates used research from Gavi.com, to which Dr. Wilson contributed. The delegates found this very motivating to ask him questions about their main internet source. In a interview, the delegates said, “Dr. Wilson set them straight for the committee, and when they spoke in debate, they would say ‘As the speaker said…’” The delegates were very happy that they had the opportunity to hear Dr. Wilson speak.
Dr. Wilson was very helpful to the delegates to correct the viewpoints for their respective countries and for remaining diplomatic while in committee. UNICEF was very impressed by the work by Dr. Wilson and what he spoke about.
Photography by Maya Miltell.
by Lana Zaki –
Today in the GCIMUN Conference, Security Council discussed a very intense topic discussing the horrible situation in Mali. Currently Mali is suffering from an abundant amount of issues such as dictatorship, problems with the refuges, education, and how the country is an undeveloped country.
In Security Council there were a number of interesting crises occurred. One of the topics discussed in the committee was democracy and how the Security Council should promote democracy to the country of Mali. However, the delegate of the Russian federation said, “it is not the Security Council’s job to enforce democracy; however, Security Council does play a role in [helping] the countries reach there.” The delegate of Korea interfered and said, “we can’t change the dictator of Mali nor can we punish their people; however ,we could provide aid.” The Russian federation advertised that the countries should provide aid rather than blaming and punishing the Malians.
Mali is now known as the fifth poorest country in the world. The delegate of Togo mentioned the reason for this: “I am very concerned of the problem because it is an African country, and Togo is one of the African countries as well. The jihadists are attacking the people in Mali killing an abundant amount of innocent people’s lives. We want to help the refugees with the UNHCR, which is the UN refugee agency. We also encourage education because it is a very important aspect in a country’s development.” The delegation of Togo is very concerned about the issue and recommends any solution to help and support the people in Mali.
There are many different countries that are suffering poverty and many other issues that must be expunged out of this universe. People must be aware of the issues that other countries are facing and try to help fix these problems.
Photography by Isabel Lozano.
by Lana Zaki –
Repairing the international trade problems, promoting legal trade and regulating the trade routes are all responsibilities of The World Trade Organization (WTO). Today in the conference of GCIMUN, they discussed the importance of trade, how to promote it, and how to stop illegal trade. Usually, trade is crucial for many countries because it boosts the economy and has more advantages than disadvantages. However, when it comes to illegal trading, such as drugs, the World Trade Organization must be involved and try to end these unlawful acts.
The delegates were very active in today’s committee. It was generally agreed on tackling illegal trade and promoting the peaceful trade instead. The delegate of Venezuela believed that it is important to educate the citizens, have law enforcements in order to stop these illegal actions and secure the borders in order to protect their citizens. The delegate of Venezuela said “it’s important to secure the life of our citizens therefore, we must eradicate illegal trade and secure our borders” the country of Venezuela shows its concern about their citizens and wants to enable them to have a protected life. The delegate also stressed the importance of drug trafficking for the security of the citizens.
The delegate of Trinidad and Tobago also had opinions on the trade topic and said, “We are an island and we need to secure our borders. We need an outside force or navy there.” The delegate also mentioned that they are working on tackling the unlawful trade route and they encourage working on regional and international trade.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is crucial to fix all the dilemmas that are occurring in trade and to ensure that the trade flows smoothly among all countries nationwide. The organization is trying its best to tackle these problems and tries developing new strategies in solving these problems. All these contributions are highly appreciated and definitely will make a change now and for the future.
by Arslan Tarar.
The Convention on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice took a break from committee for their own version of the Harlem Shake. Delegates also showed off their moves with the Dougie and a K Pop dance.
by John Ortiz & Inderjit Kaur –
Ms. Nyaradzo Chari-Imbayago spoke for the International Organization for Migration (IOM) yesterday at the GCIMUN Conference. The IOM has 145 member states. However, the Millennium Development Goals have no overt reference to migration.
Ms. Chari-Imbayago stated that there is a poisonous discourse in our society about migration. People conceive it as a negative concept because they believe that migrants take opportunities away from them. However, it is natural for people to migrate into a new area when the resources in their previous surroundings become insufficient.
Human rights are very imperative when it comes to migration. Ms. Chari-Imbayago declared, “Migration should happen in safe humane conditions.” There are many occurrences where migrants are killed by the harsh conditions while they are traveling. Some traverse desserts in order to reach their destination. These natural harsh conditions are not the only source of brutality towards migrants. Encountering law enforcers, such as border control, can also be fatal for migrants.
The IOM does allocate funds from donors; unfortunately, much of the funding the IOM receives is donated with a specific purpose. This means that the funds cannot be evenly distributed to where they are required most. Due to the uneven distribution of funds, the IOM cannot mend all the issues they would like to the best of their ability.
Photography by Inderjit Kaur.
by Emma Loss –
The Rwandan Genocide brought much destruction to the country of Rwanda. “In just 100 days about 800,000 people were killed,” said Souad Fennah. Not only were the immediate effects incredibly harmful, but also the aftermath, which had debilitating effects for the Rwandan society. Thousands of children were left parentless, and thousands more lost their guardians to HIV or AIDS. Now, nineteen years after the Rwandan genocide, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda has begun trials to prosecute those responsible. The delegates from different countries voted on counts of genocide, public’s commitment of genocide, and whether or not rape is a crime against humanity. On the count of genocide, five out of the seven delegations present found the acts committed in Rwanda acts of genocide. All the countries found the public of Rwanda guilty of committing genocide. However, only the delegate of Denmark considered the acts of rape to be crimes against humanity. Once through with the trial, the delegates began to work on judgement summaries to put all their opinions together in a legal brief.
Cartoon by Rocio Paredes Arroyo.
by Dara Gleeson –
The Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (CCPCJ) began their day with setting the agenda and debating on the emergence of new synthetic drugs. The committee was ready to with establishing a solution to stop the purchasing of synthetic drugs worldwide.
The delegates of CCPCJ shared many similar ideas to solve these problems, speaking of border security, education, and rehabilitation. The delegates shared common goals, but the main issue was the discussion of merging ideas as well as certain topics of debate, such as the imprisonment of drug users after rehabilitation and education. Many of the delegates have similar viewpoints on education, but the delegates from Italy, Karen and Rabia, said, “Education is not enough, and will not solve all of the issues. Despite the differing views, many of the countries represented believe that as the delegate from Saudi Arabia said, “Education is the foundation for permanent change.” The delegates believe that prevention can solve the problems present in this committee, to limit and decrease the amount of drug use. Discussion also arose regarding immigrants and impoverished citizens who possibly turn to drug use in the difficult situations that they are in, to stop the selling of drugs at the source of the users. Also, security issues were brought up proposing bans on the selling of drugs on borders to limit the spreading of synthesized drugs.
The committee dais believes strongly in there delegates that they could achieve all of their goals and develop a common solution. Margaret Herman, the chairperson of the committee, said of her delegates, “These kids are the most engaged delegates, and there has been no lull in the debate, leading the committee themselves and only needing the chairs to intervene to stop the cross talk. I am very impressed by the group of delegates who have all come prepared and ready to debate.”
Photography by Natalie Towba.
Resolutions for UN Environmental Programme
by Annie Scherba and Maya Miltell –
Yesterday the delegates discussed possible ways to decline the number of non-native invasive species in their respective countries. Four working papers were submitted this morning and two yesterday. These papers are the foundation for the working papers submitted by the committee. Countries that submitted these papers include Argentina, Canada, and Fiji.
This morning started strong with an un-moderated caucus motioned by Argentina, in order to informally discuss the procedures of the day. The speakers list was full and not every country could occupy a slot to speak. The countries that dominated the list were Spain, Congo, Brazil, Trinidad/Tobago, Canada, Senegal, Indonesia, China, Fiji, Argentina, Mauritania, Japan, Liberia, and Mexico.
The three main points discussed in the working papers included manpower, education, and chemicals. However, there are disagreements within the committee. “We lose about $4.1 billion a year [because of invasive species]. We are in favor of the eradication of invasive species,” said the delegate of China. China’s preferred ways to decrease the level of non-native invasive species is with manpower and chemicals. They also signed Fiji’s proposal of enforcing education in this subject. Canada is opposed to China’s idea of the use of chemicals. “We do not know the effect chemicals would have on the surrounding environment. They kill not only the targeted species but also other species in the area,” said the delegation of Canada. They are trying to prevent invasive species by tightening exports, imports, and customs while keeping the economy balanced. “We cannot simply kill off an entire species without it having a great effect on the economy,” also said by the delegation of Canada. Argentina–like Canada–was unsure of the usage of chemicals on the environment. The delegates questioned the usage of chemicals in order to stop the spread of non-native invasive species. Argentina spoke of supporting research to reduce the spread of these species.
Fiji also submitted its working paper with an education based solution to the problem. This solution is focused on the idea of increasing the awareness of the problems created by non-native invasive species. This awareness would have to happen in a smaller part of the population, which would later spread to the rest of the citizens.
Today these working papers are being finalized and voted on in order to be passed. By the end of the day the committee should have resolutions to the problems caused by non-native invasive species which would be pleasing to the majority of the nations represented.
Photography by Maya Miltell.